Edotco raised $700 million in a private placement last year from investors including Axiata’s top shareholder, sovereign fund Khazanah Nasional Bhd., and government-backed Innovation Network Corp. of Japan, according to an April statement. Malaysia’s second-biggest pension fund, Kumpulan Wang Persaraan (Diperbadankan), also invested in Edotco through the deal, which reduced Axiata’s stake to 62.4 percent.
Edotco was started in 2012. It owns more than 26,000 towers spread across Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Pakistan and Myanmar.
“We take customer rapport very seriously; this is how we have managed to not just survive but thrive in a competitive world. In light of this, we do not simply increase prices merely to improve margins; rather, any price increases are carefully evaluated and justified by price hikes in costs beyond our control, such as resin costs.”
“We intend to increase our product range in the coming years. At present, we have only started producing biodegradeable lunchboxes, and aim to add on more items like bowls, plates and other common F&B-related items from next year.”
“The population is also increasingly mobile and need more convenient packaging. For example, in the past, thermoform lunchboxes were the only portable semi-rigid packaging. Today, thermoform is used for bento, soups, egg trays and a host of other items, replacing paper-based or glass packaging because of hygiene, cost and sustainability.”
In its earlier incarnation in 1971 as Malaysia’s state-run rice board, Bernas was tasked with maintaining adequate rice supplies, keeping prices fair and stable for farmers and consumers, and improving the industry. It continued to shoulder these obligations after it was privatised in 1996 and became a for-profit company. Two decades later, however, farmers are up in arms over Bernas’ alleged failure to protect and promote the local industry, by favouring cheaper imported rice to bump up its own profits.
Rural voters – 400,000 farmers, with nearly 300,000 of them planting paddy – form 11.2 per cent of the country’s registered voters and have traditionally supported the ruling Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. Many live in the states of Kedah, Perlis and Perak.
Malaysia produces about 2 million tonnes of rice annually, which is not enough to meet its own estimated annual consumption of 3 million tonnes. In 2016, it spent US$377.4 million (S$515 million) on 822,000 tonnes of rice to meet the shortfall, making it the 14th-largest rice importer globally.
Solutions going forward should balance between further capital investments to expand capacity and initiatives to increase the efficiency of existing assets. Ridesharing is one way to significantly increase the utilisation of existing infrastructure. Three characteristics of the ridesharing model contribute to its potential as a cost-efficient part of the overall response to the growing demand for transport in Asia: (1) Flexible supply base utilising existing private vehicles, (2) dynamic routing with smart supply-demand matching, and (3) demand pooling.
“Materials traced to natural materials like brick, mosaic, wallpaper, plastic or wooden flooring, granite or cement blocks… even toilet bowls, contain radioactive materials… There is no way for us to run away from them. The levels of radiation vary depending on the origin of the materials. For example, mosaic from Kerala, India, may have higher radiation levels than those from the domestic market because the earth in Kerala has higher natural background radiation. Exposure to radiation can have long-term, short-term or acute effects… We must be careful with the long-term effects because it can slowly kill us even though we may not realise it.”
“Different rays affect us differently. For example, although alpha rays can be blocked using things like a piece of paper, it could cause a lot more damage on a surface, compared with beta, which has smaller particles. Since alpha’s particles are bigger, they will affect a wider area when it enters the human body, including through wounds, inhalation or contaminated food. For example, if you knead dough directly on top of a chipped granite table top, you will not notice particles containing NORM attaching to it. When you consume it, these radioactive materials will enter your body… some might exit through the excretion process, but the rest will continuously emit rays that will kill your cells.”
“It is important for homes to have good ventilation. Open the windows, turn on the fan, as this will help remove the gases,” he said, adding that radon would remain in a confined area for four days before it dissipated. As these gases are continually produced, good air circulation will help channel them out of confined areas.